Crystal engineering : how molecules build solids / Jeffrey H. Williams.Material type: TextSeries: IOP (Series). Release 3. | IOP concise physicsPublisher: San Rafael [California] (40 Oak Drive, San Rafael, CA, 94903, USA) : Morgan & Claypool Publishers, Distributor: Bristol [England] (Temple Circus, Temple Way, Bristol BS1 6HG, UK) : IOP Publishing, Description: 1 online resource (various pagings) : illustrations (some color)Content type: text Media type: electronic Carrier type: online resourceISBN: 9781681746258; 9781681746272Other title: How molecules build solidsSubject(s): Crystallography | Crystal growth | Molecular crystals | Materials / States of matter | TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Materials Science / GeneralAdditional physical formats: Print version:: No titleDDC classification: 548 LOC classification: QD905.2 | .W553 2017ebOnline resources: Click here to access online Also available in print.
|Item type||Current library||Call number||Status||Date due||Barcode|
|Ebooks||Indian Institute of Technology Delhi - Central Library||Available|
"Version: 20170901"--Title page verso.
"A Morgan & Claypool publication as part of IOP Concise Physics"--Title page verso.
Includes bibliographical references.
Preface -- Introduction : Crystal engineering -- 1. Holding things together -- 1.1. Covalent bonds -- 1.2. Ionic bonds -- 1.3. Comparison of ionic and covalent bonding -- 1.4. Non-bonding interactions -- 1.5. Hydrogen bonding -- 1.6. Hybrid atomic orbitals and the shape of molecules
2. Intermolecular electrostatics -- 2.1. Two interacting molecules -- 2.2. Self-assembly
3. The classification of crystals -- 3.1. The intimacy within solids -- 3.2. Crystallography -- 3.3. X-ray diffraction
4. Non-bonded solids -- 4.1. Dispersion interactions -- 5. Ionic materials
6. Materials with mixed bonding -- 6.1. Ruby -- 6.2. The crystal field in ruby -- 6.3. Calcite -- 6.4. Beryllium fluoride -- 6.5. Lithium niobate -- 6.6. Piezoelectricity
7. Covalent solids -- 7.1. Nitrogen and carbon monoxide -- 7.2. Fullerenes -- 7.3. Alkali-metal fullerides and superconductivity
8. Methane and other non-aromatic hydrocarbons : ethane, ethylene and acetylene -- 8.1. Disorder in organic crystals -- 8.2. Thermal diffuse scattering -- 8.3. Clathrates
9. Giant covalent structures : diamond and graphite -- 9.1. The electrical properties of 2-dimensional arrays of carbon atoms
10. Structural elements in covalent crystals -- 10.1. Packing aromatic molecules -- 10.2. Interacting bond dipole moments -- 10.3. Vibrational dynamics in organic crystals -- 10.4. Why crystals melt
11. Solids formed from aromatic molecules -- 11.1. Benzene and benzene:hexafluorobenzene -- 11.2. Thermal expansion -- 11.3. Mesitylene:hexafluorobenzene 11-10 -- 11.4. To dimerize, or not to dimerize ... -- 11.5. S-Triazine -- 11.6. Naphthalene
12. Supra-molecular chemistry -- 12.1. Metal-organic frameworks -- 12.2. Deoxyribonucleic acid -- 13. Final thoughts.
There are more than 20 million chemicals in the literature, with new materials being synthesized each week. Most of these molecules are stable, and the 3-dimensional arrangement of the atoms in the molecules, in the various solids may be determined by routine x-ray crystallography. When this is done, it is found that this vast range of molecules, with varying sizes and shapes can be accommodated by only a handful of solid structures. This limited number of architectures for the packing of molecules of all shapes and sizes, to maximize attractive intermolecular forces and minimizing repulsive intermolecular forces, allows us to develop simple models of what holds the molecules together in the solid. In this volume we look at the origin of the molecular architecture of crystals; a topic that is becoming increasingly important and is often termed, crystal engineering. Such studies are a means of predicting crystal structures, and of designing crystals with particular properties by manipulating the structure and interaction of large molecules. That is, creating new crystal architectures with desired physical characteristics in which the molecules pack together in particular architectures; a subject of particular interest to the pharmaceutical industry.
Also available in print.
Mode of access: World Wide Web.
System requirements: Adobe Acrobat Reader, EPUB reader, or Kindle reader.
Jeffrey Huw Williams was born in Swansea, Wales, on 13 April 1956, and gained a PhD in chemical physics from Cambridge University in 1981. Subsequently, his career as a research scientist was in the physical sciences. First, as a research scientist in the universities of Cambridge, Oxford, Harvard and Illinois, and subsequently as an experimental physicist at the Institute Laue-Langevin, Grenoble, which still remains one of the world's leading centres for research involving neutrons; particularly, neutron scattering. During this research career, he published more than sixty technical papers and invited review articles in the peer-reviewed literature. However, after much thought he left research in 1992 and moved to the world of science publishing and the communication of science by becoming the European editor for the physical sciences for the AAAS's Science. Subsequently, he was Assistant Executive Secretary of the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry; the agency responsible for the world-wide advancement of chemistry through international collaboration. Most recently, 2003-2008, he was the head of publications at the Bureau international des poids et mesures (BIPM), Sèvres. The BIPM is charged by the Metre Convention of 1875 with ensuring world-wide uniformity of measurements, and their traceability to the International System of Units (SI). It was during these years at the BIPM that he became interested in, and familiar with the origin of the Metric System, its subsequent evolution into the SI, and the coming transformation into the Quantum-SI. Since retiring, he has devoted himself to writing; in 2014, he published Defining and Measuring Nature: The make of all things in the IOP Concise Physics series. This publication outlined the coming changes to the definitions of several of the base units of the SI, and the evolution of the SI into the Quantum-SI. In 2015, he published Order from Force: A natural history of the vacuum in the IOP Concise Physics series. This title looks at intermolecular forces, but also explores how ordered structures, whether they are galaxies or crystalline solids, arise via the application of a force. Then in 2016, he published Quantifying Measurement: The tyranny of number, again the IOP Concise Physics series. This title is intended to explain the concepts essential in an understanding of the origins of measurement uncertainty. No matter how well an experiment is done, there is always an uncertainty associated with the final result--something that is often forgotten.
Title from PDF title page (viewed on October 26, 2017).