Interacting with information [electronic resource] / Ann Blandford and Simon Attfield.Material type: TextSeries: Synthesis lectures on human-centered informatics ; # 6.Publication details: San Rafael, Calif. (1537 Fourth Street, San Rafael, CA 94901 USA) :: Morgan & Claypool Publishers,, c2010Description: 1 electronic text (ix, 85 p. : ill.) : digital fileISBN: 9781608450275 (electronic bk.)Uniform titles: Synthesis digital library of engineering and computer science. Subject(s): Information behavior | Human-computer interactionDDC classification: 025.524 LOC classification: ZA3075 | .B525 2010Online resources: Abstract with links to resource Also available in print.
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Mode of access: World Wide Web.
System requirements: Adobe Acrobat reader.
Part of: Synthesis digital library of engineering and computer science.
Series from website.
Includes bibliographical references (p. 73-84).
1. Introduction: pervasive information interactions -- 2. Background: information interaction at the crossroads of research traditions -- Information retrieval -- Information seeking -- Sensemaking -- A human-centred informatics view -- Information work -- Personal knowledge management -- Situated information interaction -- 3. The situations: physical, social and temporal -- The physical and the digital -- Socially situated information interaction -- Temporal aspects of the situation -- 4. The behaviors: understanding the "information journey" -- The derivation of the information journey -- The "information journey" framework -- Making sense of information -- Information encountering and serendipity -- Wheels within wheels: the recursive nature of much information work -- Anticipating future demands in the information journey -- Summary -- 5. The technologies: supporting the information journey -- Designing to support information encountering -- Designing to support sensemaking -- Designing to integrate information seeking and writing -- Summary -- 6. Studying user behaviors and needs for information interaction -- PRET a rapporter: a framework for planning a user study -- Conceptual structures for information interaction (CSII) -- Summary -- 7. Looking to the future -- 8. Further reading -- Bibliography -- Authors' biographies.
Abstract freely available; full-text restricted to subscribers or individual document purchasers.
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We live in an "information age," but information is only useful when it is interpreted by people and applied in the context of their goals and activities. The volume of information to which people have access is growing at an incredible rate, vastly outstripping people's ability to assimilate and manage it. In order to design technologies that better support information work, it is necessary to better understand the details of that work. In this lecture, we review the situations (physical, social and temporal) in which people interact with information.We also discuss how people interact with information in terms of an "information journey," in which people, iteratively, do the following: recognise a need for information, find information, interpret and evaluate that information in the context of their goals, and use the interpretation to support their broader activities. People's information needs may be explicit and clearly articulated but, conversely, may be tacit, exploratory and evolving. Widely used tools supporting information access, such as searching on the Web and in digital libraries, support clearly defined information requirements well, but they provide limited support for other information needs. Most other stages of the information journey are poorly supported at present. Novel design solutions are unlikely to be purely digital, but to exploit the rich variety of information resources, digital, physical and social, that are available. Theories of information interaction and sensemaking can highlight new design possibilities that augment human capabilities. We review relevant theories and findings for understanding information behaviours, and we review methods for evaluating information working tools, to both assess existing tools and identify requirements for the future.
Also available in print.
Title from PDF t.p. (viewed on February 15, 2010).