Central Library, Indian Institute of Technology Delhi
केंद्रीय पुस्तकालय, भारतीय प्रौद्योगिकी संस्थान दिल्ली

Social media and civic engagement : history, theory, and practice / Scott P. Robertson.

By: Robertson, Scott P [author.]Material type: TextTextSeries: Synthesis digital library of engineering and computer science | Synthesis lectures on human-centered informatics ; # 40.Publisher: [San Rafael, California] : Morgan & Claypool, 2018Description: 1 PDF (xiii, 123 pages) : illustrationsContent type: text Media type: electronic Carrier type: online resourceISBN: 9781627053952Subject(s): Social media -- Political aspects | Online social networks -- Political aspects | Political participation -- Computer networks | social media | civic engagement | social capital | digital cities | smart cities | urban informatics | digital activism | protestGenre/Form: Electronic books.Additional physical formats: Print version:: No titleDDC classification: 302.231 LOC classification: HM742 | .R637 2018Online resources: Abstract with links to resource Also available in print.
Contents:
1. Introduction -- 1.1 Technology and the public sphere -- 1.2 Civic engagement -- 1.3 Social media -- 1.4 Organization --
2. History -- 2.1 Digital cities -- 2.2 E-government portals -- 2.3 Open government -- 2.4 Smart cities, "civic tech," and urban informatics -- 2.5 Hyperlocal social media -- 2.6 Summary --
3. Theory -- 3.1 Public sphere -- 3.2 Social capital and civil society -- 3.3 Networked self and context collapse -- 3.4 Uses and gratifications -- 3.5 Agenda setting and framing -- 3.6 Structuration -- 3.7 Actor-network theory -- 3.8 Information diffusion -- 3.9 Summary --
4. Engagement -- 4.1 Political participation -- 4.2 Candidates, politicians, and political parties -- 4.2.1 Audience and microtargeting -- 4.2.2 Agenda setting and framing -- 4.3 Citizens, constituents, and voters -- 4.3.1 Information seeking -- 4.3.2 Citizen-to-politician -- 4.3.3 Citizen-to-citizen -- 4.3.4 Social watching -- 4.4 Activism and protest -- 4.5 Summary --
5. Challenges -- 5.1 Homophily and polarization -- 5.2 Equity -- 5.3 Transparency and trust -- 5.4 Fake news, misinformation, and propaganda -- 5.5 Summary --
6. Epilogue -- Bibliography -- Author biography.
Abstract: Social media platforms are the latest manifestation in a series of sociotechnical innovations designed to enhance civic engagement, political participation, and global activism. While many researchers started out as optimists about the promise of social media for broadening participation and enhancing civic engagement, recent events have tempered that optimism. As this book goes to press, Facebook is fighting a battle over the massive disclosure of user information during the 2016 U.S. presidential campaign, social analytics company Cambridge Analytica is being revealed as a major player in micro profiling voters in that same election, bots and fake news factories are undermining democratic discourse via social media worldwide, and the president of the United States is unnerving the world as a stream-of-consciousness Twitter user. This book is a foundational review of current research on social media and civic engagement organized in terms of history, theory, practice, and challenges. History reviews how researchers and developers have continuously pushed the envelope to explore technology enhancements for political and social discourse. Theory reveals that the use of globally-networked social technologies touches many fields including political science, sociology, psychology, media studies, network science, and more. Practice is examined through studies of political engagement both in democratic situations and in confrontational situations. Challenges are identified in order to find ways forward. For better or worse, social media for civic engagement has come of age. Citizens, politicians, and activists are utilizing social media in innovative ways, while bad actors are discovering possibilities for spreading dissention and undermining trust. We are at a sobering inflection point, and this book is your foundation for understanding how we got here and where we are going.
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Ebooks Ebooks Indian Institute of Technology Delhi - Central Library
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Mode of access: World Wide Web.

Part of: Synthesis digital library of engineering and computer science.

Includes bibliographical references (pages 81-122).

1. Introduction -- 1.1 Technology and the public sphere -- 1.2 Civic engagement -- 1.3 Social media -- 1.4 Organization --

2. History -- 2.1 Digital cities -- 2.2 E-government portals -- 2.3 Open government -- 2.4 Smart cities, "civic tech," and urban informatics -- 2.5 Hyperlocal social media -- 2.6 Summary --

3. Theory -- 3.1 Public sphere -- 3.2 Social capital and civil society -- 3.3 Networked self and context collapse -- 3.4 Uses and gratifications -- 3.5 Agenda setting and framing -- 3.6 Structuration -- 3.7 Actor-network theory -- 3.8 Information diffusion -- 3.9 Summary --

4. Engagement -- 4.1 Political participation -- 4.2 Candidates, politicians, and political parties -- 4.2.1 Audience and microtargeting -- 4.2.2 Agenda setting and framing -- 4.3 Citizens, constituents, and voters -- 4.3.1 Information seeking -- 4.3.2 Citizen-to-politician -- 4.3.3 Citizen-to-citizen -- 4.3.4 Social watching -- 4.4 Activism and protest -- 4.5 Summary --

5. Challenges -- 5.1 Homophily and polarization -- 5.2 Equity -- 5.3 Transparency and trust -- 5.4 Fake news, misinformation, and propaganda -- 5.5 Summary --

6. Epilogue -- Bibliography -- Author biography.

Abstract freely available; full-text restricted to subscribers or individual document purchasers.

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Social media platforms are the latest manifestation in a series of sociotechnical innovations designed to enhance civic engagement, political participation, and global activism. While many researchers started out as optimists about the promise of social media for broadening participation and enhancing civic engagement, recent events have tempered that optimism. As this book goes to press, Facebook is fighting a battle over the massive disclosure of user information during the 2016 U.S. presidential campaign, social analytics company Cambridge Analytica is being revealed as a major player in micro profiling voters in that same election, bots and fake news factories are undermining democratic discourse via social media worldwide, and the president of the United States is unnerving the world as a stream-of-consciousness Twitter user. This book is a foundational review of current research on social media and civic engagement organized in terms of history, theory, practice, and challenges. History reviews how researchers and developers have continuously pushed the envelope to explore technology enhancements for political and social discourse. Theory reveals that the use of globally-networked social technologies touches many fields including political science, sociology, psychology, media studies, network science, and more. Practice is examined through studies of political engagement both in democratic situations and in confrontational situations. Challenges are identified in order to find ways forward. For better or worse, social media for civic engagement has come of age. Citizens, politicians, and activists are utilizing social media in innovative ways, while bad actors are discovering possibilities for spreading dissention and undermining trust. We are at a sobering inflection point, and this book is your foundation for understanding how we got here and where we are going.

Also available in print.

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